Male circumcision became an important rite of passage. Reforming tendencies gained strength in the early nineteenth century when a group known as the Wahhabis captured Mecca. The Wahhabis demanded a stricter observance of Islamic law. Although their appeal was limited in Southeast Asia, some people were attracted to Wahhabi styles of teaching.
There was a growing feeling that greater observance of Islamic doctrine might help Muslims resist the growing power of Europeans. Muslim leaders were often prominent in anti-colonial movements, especially in Indonesia. However, the influence of modernist Islamic thinking that developed in Egypt meant educated Muslims in Southeast Asia also began to think about reforming Islam as a way of answering the Western challenge.
Europeans eventually colonized all Southeast Asia except for Thailand. After these countries gained their independence following World War II, the major question for politically active Muslims has concerned the relationship between Islam and the state. In countries where Muslims are in a minority like Thailand and the Philippines this relationship is still causing tension.
In Malaysia, Muslims are only around 55 percent of the population and there must be significant adjustments with the largest non-Muslim group, the Chinese. In Indonesia, Muslims are engaged in a continuing debate about different ways of observing the faith, and hether Islam should assume a greater role in government. Geography, Environment, and Cultural Zones Virtually all of Southeast Asia lies between the tropics, and so there are similarities in climate as well as plant and animal life throughout the region. Lifestyle, Livelihood, and Subsistence A distinctive feature of Southeast Asia is its cultural diversity.
Additional Background Reading. Islamic Belief Made Visual. This essay looks at Islam's influence on the arts of Southeast Asia. Shahnama: The Book of Kings. Learn about the political and social changes under Iran's Safavid Dynasty by examining the Book of Kings. Religion in the Philippines. The Philippines boasts to be the only Christian nation in Asia. Learn about its religious diversity and history.
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Islamic Calligraphy and the Illustrated Manuscript. The calligraphic tradition, which grew out of the demand for illuminated Qur'ans, became an important art form worldwide. Islam in Southeast Asia. An essay about the spread of Islam into Southeast Asia and how religion and expression fit within societal contexts. Try Our Online Professional Development.
Population structure and history in East Asia | PNAS
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Follow Our Blog on Education Week. You Might Also Like article. Women in Southeast Asia. Southeast Asia women enjoyed relatively favorable position compared to neighboring states. Learn why. Vietnam: What's in a Name?
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Vietnam had many names--and identities--over the centuries. A short essay on Vietnam's geopolitical history, from pre-civilization times to the 21th century. Understanding the Geography of China. This background essay introduces the diversity of China's natural and man-made features. The Legacy of Angkor. It is easy - especially for Westerners - to adopt a view of relatively homogenous people in any of these countries. In all of them to some extent but particularly in China, this book demonstrates how misguided such views are. China has numerous indigenous peoples who were in important respects different from 'Han' Chinese, for example.
More than that, the empire has been subject to rule by dynasties of Mongols and Manchus. Where it gets particularly complex is that the subjects adopted customs of these rulers, and those rulers of their subjects, until in some cases they came to be regarded as representing legitimately 'Chinese' culture in contrast to foreign adversaries! There is also plenty of emphasis on economics, with some effort made to give a sense of its impact upon and contribution from all levels of society. Military matters are dealt with cursorily, as the details are unimportant on this scale as compared to the outcomes.
Political history is frequently addressed and shown to be intimately tied to all these other aspects. One aspect which may surprise is how cities we now take for granted as among the largest and most important in the world, such as Tokyo, Seoul, Beijing and Shanghai, were unimportant or even non-existent for large parts of history. A book with such a high-level perspective has the ability to illustrate the impermanence and fluidity of human institutions which may otherwise appear to us as bastions of stability since time immemorial.
Certainly it gives the lie to propagandist appeals to alleged traditions spanning milllenia. Holcombe subscribes to the view of World War II as having commenced in with the Japanese invasion of China proper. Whilst I can see an argument for that, I am accustomed to thinking of it as a regional war which happened to be subsumed into the global conflict.
The reason for calling it a 'World War' is, after all, due to the involvement of a substantial part of the world as a function of Europe's colonial empires and alliances. Holcombe doesn't mention any scholarly disagreement over the date and learning more about that debate could, in itself, be constructive. Matters take an amusing turn when he tries to talk seriously about globalisation and cross-pollination of pop culture. He manages to call Mighty Morphin' Power Rangers a Japanese show, which is not quite the whole story.
And seeing Hello Kitty and 'Gangnam Style' mentioned in an academic history book is good for a giggle. Helpful supplementary materials are provided, including a particularly useful pronunciation guide which I have as yet gone nowhere near to memorising, much less mastering. One could always raise quibbles, but in its totality this book is fit for its purpose as an introductory overview to a region of the world that at times has had a third of the world's population and to which the locus of global power is increasingly shifting thus far in the 21st century.
This is an extremely detailed book about the history of east asia. It covers all emperors, kings, queens and relevant concubines. It spans over such a large period of time, that I am unsure if I remember much if what I read but it certainly does cover enough to give you a general idea of the rise of East Asian countries.
I was most interested over the recent communist-capitalist feud in East Asia, which Is why I picked up the book.
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Looking back now, maybe a political book would have addressed my This is an extremely detailed book about the history of east asia. Looking back now, maybe a political book would have addressed my questions better than a historical book - but this book definitely does what it is meant to : it gives you the highlight of what happened in that part of the continent.
Aug 12, Anton Mies rated it really liked it. I endorse other reviews that it is a pretty "decent introduction East Asian History". I picked up this book as someone without any understanding of any Asian culture with an intention to get a light grasp about the beginnings of East Asia and how the different culture have evolved to become what they are now. This book fulfilled its promise I was quite ignorant to the fact how big of an influence China has played in the entire region, I knew a bit about the Chinese civilization but could have I endorse other reviews that it is a pretty "decent introduction East Asian History".
I was quite ignorant to the fact how big of an influence China has played in the entire region, I knew a bit about the Chinese civilization but could have never grasped the entire entanglements and influence of China on each country and its faint remains within each culture and even language to this day. Due to the mightiness and especially long history China takes up a large part of the book which is not surprising since it has shaped the entire region.
But also China itself was in a constant flow and changed with each dynasty or e. What is interesting is that Chinese despite such inner diversity different ethnic groups formed such an empire and always adopted to the current circumstances. Rather than fighting to the last drop of blood, some regions for instance, adopted and the Mongolian influences, wore their dresses etc. China, remained open minded to different cultural influences and religions more or less consistently until Mao.
Whereas, other nations did differ substantially…which can be seen to this day. The book goes through all development sections until now, so it can be quite interesting to see the rise and fall of certain nations and the probable cause of such ingrained within the capacity of certain region but also determined by the culture.